Every individual and every eye is different, and as such our risk factors for diseases such as glaucoma, vary. One major part of an eye exam is checking the pressure in the eye, also known as intraocular pressure. High, normal or low pressure in the eyes is often a pointer for Optometrists to determine whether or not a patient is susceptible to glaucoma.
Measuring the pressure of the eye is very similar to gauging how full a balloon is by poking the balloon with your finger. Usually when there is less air or pressure in the balloon, it is easier to poke. Conversely, when there is more air or pressure in the balloon, it is stiffer and harder to poke.
Eye pressure is measured the same way; by gently touching the cornea with special instruments to see how hard it is to “poke”. The unit of measurement is millimeters of mercury, or mmHg.
‘Normal’ pressure as the case maybe, ranges from 12-22 mm Hg, and eye pressure of greater than 22 mm Hg is considered higher than normal.
Control of High Intraocular Pressure
These tips may help you control high intraocular pressure or promote eye health.
- Eat a healthy diet. Eating a healthy diet can help you maintain your health, although it won’t prevent eye diseases like glaucoma from worsening.
- Exercise safely
- Limit your caffeine
- Sip fluids frequently
- Sleep with your head elevated
- Take prescribed medicine
Nonetheless, it is important that you see an optometrist to receive regular eye examination to ensure your eyes are in the best health.
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